When Zombies Vote: Fraud and Inaccuracies in Voter Registration
Michelle Brown (Moderator) - National Democratic Institute
Michelle Brown is an elections expert with more than a decade of experience and a specialized knowledge of statistical methods. Throughout her career, Ms. Brown has provided technical assistance to citizen monitoring organizations around the world on such topics as data analysis, data visualization methods, and statistically-based observation techniques (such as Parallel Vote Tabulations). In 2011, Ms. Brown conducted preliminary statistical analysis on the 2010 Presidential Election results in Haiti. She then traveled to Port-au-Prince as part of a verification team that assessed the vote tabulation process and conducted election forensics. In 2012, Ms. Brown led a team of international election experts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Over the course of two weeks, that team assessed the feasibility of reviewing the tabulation processes from the November 2011 elections. Ms. Brown is currently authoring a manual for citizen election monitors and political parties that details how best to conduct voter list assessments. Ms. Brown is also a co-author of an NDI manual that explores the use of quantitative research methods in the design of democracy building programs. To date, Ms. Brown has worked in numerous countries, including Egypt, Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Indonesia, Haiti, Ecuador, Zambia, Malawi, Uganda, Kenya, Nigeria, and Sudan. Prior to joining NDI, Ms. Brown was active in U.S. political campaigns serving as the National Research Director for America Votes. Ms. Brown has a B.A. from the University of Arizona and a M.P.P from Georgetown University.
Travis Hall is a PhD candidate in Media, Culture and Communications at New York University studying the socio-cultural history of identification practices, focusing on biometrics technologies. His dissertation research includes studies of the use of tattooing in the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, the introduction of mobile fingerprinting and iris scans by the US military in Iraq and Afghanistan, and the development of the Unique ID project in India. Travis works with a network of privacy and immigration rights activists on the Department of Homeland Security's Secure Communities program, and has presented to the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Advisory Policy Board on the pitfalls of unchecked biometric database interoperability. Travis holds a BA in International Relations and an MA in International Communications from American University, and is an IEEE Certified Biometrics Professional. He is currently a Global Research Initiatives fellow at the NYU's Washington, DC campus.
Michael Yard - International Foundation for Electoral Systems
Michael Yard is a recognized international election administration and technology expert with over 25 years of experience. He has advised election authorities in over 15 countries and serves as IFES Chief of Party in Kenya and Uganda.
Yard has provided authoritative technical assistance on election technology and systems for voter and candidate registration, political finance tracking and reporting, procurement, logistics, fleet management, vote tabulation and results dissemination. He joined IFES as a technical manager in Ghana in 1994 and has consulted on projects throughout Africa, Eastern Europe, Central and South Asia, South America and the Middle East. He also has worked on voter registration, database and data entry projects with Election Reform International Services, the United States Agency for International Development and the United Nations Election Administration Division. He is the editor of Direct Democracy: Progress and Pitfalls of Election Technologyand Civil and Voter Registries: Lessons Learned from Global Experiences, both published by IFES.
Yard has an MBA in information systems from City University in Bellevue, Washington, and a B.A. in English literature from the University of Illinois in Springfield. He also has completed graduate studies in theology, counseling and education. He speaks basic Spanish and French.