Technology Empowering U.S. Diplomacy and Development

Future of Advoacy - Panelist Bios

A global, open, and free internet continues to be threatened. Nations such as China, Russia, Vietnam, Iran, and Syria are well known to have imposed stringent controls and limitations on internet use within their borders. These countries and others joined together at the World Conference on International Telecommunications in an attempt to use that venue to impose worldwide restrictions on the internet. These threats and others will not disappear and cannot be ignored. Nations committed to maintaining a free and open internet must continue to be advocates by taking a principled stand on Internet Freedom, arguing that fundamental human rights and freedoms apply online just as they do offline. But, what more needs to be done? This panel will look at how best to focus advocacy in the future and consider avenues such as a more localized approach in the form of support to smaller indigenous groups, or a consolidation of efforts by civil society organizations and the technology sector to more effectively make their case. The panel will also consider what can be done when existing democracies implement policies or laws that impinge on Internet Freedom.

Arturo Carrillo (Moderator) - The George Washington University Law School

Arturo Carrillo is Professor of Law and Director of the International Human Rights Clinic at The George Washington University Law School. Before joining the faculty, Professor Carrillo served as the director of the Human Rights Clinic at Columbia Law School, where he was also Lecturer in Law and the Henkin Senior Fellow with Columbia’s Human Rights Institute. Prior to entering the academy in 2000, he worked as a legal advisor in the Human Rights Division of the United Nations Observer Mission to El Salvador (ONUSAL), as well as for non-governmental organizations in his native Colombia, where he also taught international law and human rights. From 2005 to 2010, Professor Carrillo was a senior advisor on human rights to the U.S. Agency on International Development (USAID) in Colombia.

Professor Carrillo’s expertise is in public international law, transitional justice, human rights and humanitarian law, and comparative clinical legal education. He is the author of a number of publications in English and Spanish on these topics. His recent article, “Transnational Mass Claims Processes (TMCPs) in International Law and Practice,” was published by the Berkeley Journal of International Law (Spring 2010). As part of his clinical practice, Professor Carrillo litigates extensively in U.S. courts and before regional human rights tribunals. Professor Carrillo received a B.A. from Princeton University, a J.D. from The George Washington University, and an LL.M. from Columbia University.

Eva Galperin - Electronic Fronteir Foundation

A lifelong geek, Eva misspent her youth working as a Systems Administrator all over Silicon Valley. Since then, she has seen the error of her ways and earned degrees in Political Science and International Relations from SFSU. She comes to EFF from the US-China Policy Institute, where she researched Chinese energy policy, helped to organize conferences, and attempted to make use of her rudimentary Mandarin skills. Her interests include aerials, rock climbing, opera, and not being paged at 3 o'clock in the morning because the mail server is down.


Mike Godwin - Internews

Mike Godwin served for nine years as the first Staff Counsel for the Electronic Frontier Foundation, where he informed users of electronic networks about their legal rights and responsibilities, instructed criminal lawyers and law-enforcement personnel about computer civil-liberties issues, and conducted seminars about civil liberties in electronic communication for a wide range of groups. Godwin has published articles for print and electronic publications on topics such as electronic searches and seizures, the First Amendment & electronic publications, and the application of international law to computer communications. From 2004 to 2006, he ran a blog called "Godwin's Law."

Godwin has written articles about social and legal issues on the electronic frontier that have appeared in the Whole Earth Review, Quill, Index on Censorship, Internet World, WIRED & HotWired, and Playboy. In 1991-92, Godwin chaired a committee of the Massachusetts Computer Crime Commission, where he supervised the drafting of recommendations to Governor Weld for the development of computer-crime statutes. From 1999 to 2001, Godwin served as a reporter on e-commerce and intellectual-property issues for American Lawyer Media, first as senior editor of E-Commerce Law Weekly, then as chief correspondent of IP Worldwide. More recently, he has been legal director of Public Knowledge and a senior policy fellow at the Center for Democracy and Technology. He then served as a research fellow at Yale University. He also is a contributing editor at Reason.

From 2007 to 2010, Godwin served as general counsel of the Wikimedia Foundation, which operates many collaborative projects, including Wikipedia.

Godwin is a graduate of the University of Texas School of Law where he served, while still a law student, as Editor-in-Chief of The Daily Texan, the award winning University of Texas student newspaper. Prior to his legal studies, Godwin worked as a journalist and as a computer consultant. He received a B.A. in liberal arts from the University of Texas at Austin with highest honors, and was elected Phi Beta Kappa.


Malvika Jayaram - Jayaram & Jayaram, Bangalore

A dual-qualified lawyer, Malavika spent eight years in London - with global law firm Allen & Overy in the Communications, Media & Technology group, and then with Citigroup. She relocated to India in 2006, and wears 3 hats as a technology lawyer, a Fellow at the Centre for Internet and Society (CIS) and a PhD scholar. As a partner at Jayaram & Jayaram, Bangalore, she focuses on tech-intensive transactions and has a special interest in new media and the arts. At CIS, Malavika collaborates on projects that study legislative and policy changes in the internet governance and privacy domains. As a PhD scholar, she is looking at data protection and privacy in India, with a special focus on e-governance schemes and the new biometric ID project.

A graduate of the National Law School of India, she has an LL.M. from Northwestern University, Chicago. She is on the advisory board of the Indian Journal of Law & Technology and is the author of the India chapter for the Data Protection & Privacy volume in the “Getting the Deal Through” series, launched in late 2012 by Law Business Research Ltd in the UK. She has been selected as one of 10 Indian lawyers featured in “The International Who's Who of Internet e-Commerce & Data Protection Lawyers 2012” directory.

Malavika is currently a Visiting Scholar at the Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania. While at Annenberg’s Center for Global Communication Studies (while also interacting with Penn’s Center for the Advanced Study of India), she will broadly be focusing on freedom of speech, internet policy and privacy issues, and the narratives being constructed around technology and new media in India.


Gene Kimmelman - New America Foundation

Eugene (Gene) Kimmelman joined the Antitrust Division of the United States Department of Justice on April 20, 2009, when he was appointed to serve the division as its chief counsel for Competition Policy and Intergovernmental Relations.

Mr. Kimmelman has extensive knowledge of a wide variety of public policy issues, with expertise in consumer protection, telecommunications, product liability, and antitrust law.  Immediately prior to joining the Department of Justice, Mr. Kimmelman served as vice president for Federal and International Affairs at Consumers Union (CU), publisher of Consumer Reports magazine and an expert, independent, nonprofit organization whose mission is to work for a fair and safe marketplace for all consumers. At CU, Mr. Kimmelman was responsible for the management and oversight of all of CU’s national and international public policy and advocacy activities which covered a broad array of consumer issues, including product safety, health care, financial services, food safety, and media policy. Mr. Kimmelman took a six-month leave of absence during 2008, to serve as acting director general of Consumers International, a federation of more than 200 consumer organizations from over 100 countries (of which Consumers Union is a member) based in London. 

Prior to joining CU, Mr. Kimmelman served for two years as chief counsel and staff director for the Antitrust Subcommittee of the Senate Judiciary Committee. Prior to that, he was legislative director for the Consumer Federation of America (CFA) where, during his 10-year tenure, he directed CFA's legislative, regulatory, and judicial intervention program, including being the lead consumer litigator in the U.S v. AT&T case. Mr. Kimmelman began his career as a consumer advocate and staff attorney for Public Citizen's Congress Watch.

Mr. Kimmelman is a recognized authority on consumer protection matters and has been widely quoted on policy issues in a variety of publications including The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, and The Washington Post. He has been interviewed frequently for network and cable television news programs.

Mr. Kimmelman is a Phi Beta Kappa, Magna Cum Laude graduate of Brown University. He studied in Denmark as a Fulbright Fellow at Copenhagen University's graduate program on the public sector. He received his law degree from the University of Virginia and was the recipient of the University's Fortsman Fellowship in 1980.



Meg Roggensack - Human Rights First

As Senior Advisor for Business and Human Rights, Meg Roggensack leads Human Rights First’s work on internet freedom, labor rights, natural resources and security and multistakeholder engagement and accountability mechanisms to address the human rights impacts of global business operations. She teaches a graduate seminar on these issues at Georgetown University Law Center, and speaks regularly about the intersection of human rights and trade and implications for corporate accountability.

Prior to joining Human Rights First, Meg practiced law with Hogan Lovells, specializing in international trade and legislative policy. She has provided strategic guidance and leadership on corporate responsibility and related issues to multinationals, governments, and nonprofits.

Meg has also advised numerous private and quasi-governmental organizations on democratic transition, rule of law, and economic recovery initiatives, and U.S. policy toward Latin America. She is a member of the board of the Due Process of Law Foundation, and of the Advisory Committee of the Center for Refugee and Disaster Response at Johns Hopkins University’s Bloomberg School of Public Health. She is the past president of the Washington Foreign Law Society, and Past Vice President of the Board of the Washington Office on Latin America.

Meg graduated magna cum laude from Carleton College with a B.A. in history. As a Thomas J. Watson Fellow, she spent a year in Latin America studying the impact of economic development initiatives on indigenous communities, before earning her J.D. from George Washington University.

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